Country Rankings 2023

Europe Country Rankings 2023

As described in the university ranking section, it is not easy to obtain and standardize data from about 19.000 universities for the country ranking. Therefore, we based our ranking system on the number of meritorious scientists. Four criteria are used to rank the countries. The first one is the number of scientists in the top  2% list. The second criterion is the number of scientists in the top 10%, Top 20%, Top 40%, top 60% and top 80% list. The third one is the number of scientists listed in the AD Scientific Index. In the case of equalities after applying all these three criteria, the world rank of the meritorious scientist of that country is used.

Total 367.491 scientist, 56 country, 3.503 university

AD Scientific Index - Country Rankings 2023 Number of World’s Top 2% in Scientists Number of World’s Top 10% in Scientists
Region Ranking unfold_more World Ranking unfold_more Country unfold_more Best University in Country
World Rank / Name
Best Scientist in Country
World Rank / Name
Total Universities in Country unfold_more Total Scientists in Index unfold_more Total number of scientists unfold_more Agriculture & Forestry unfold_more Arts, Design and Architecture unfold_more Business & Management unfold_more Economics & Econometrics unfold_more Education unfold_more Engineering & Technology unfold_more History, Philosophy, Theology unfold_more Law / Law and Legal Studies unfold_more Medical and Health Sciences unfold_more Natural Sciences unfold_more Social Sciences unfold_more Others unfold_more Total number of scientists unfold_more Agriculture & Forestry unfold_more Arts, Design and Architecture unfold_more Business & Management unfold_more Economics & Econometrics unfold_more Education unfold_more Engineering & Technology unfold_more History, Philosophy, Theology unfold_more Law / Law and Legal Studies unfold_more Medical and Health Sciences unfold_more Natural Sciences unfold_more Social Sciences unfold_more Others unfold_more
1 2 United Kingdom 3 University of Oxford University of Oxford 18 George Davey Smith 233 51766
Top 10000
2103 11 0 4 14 2 63 1 0 208 170 62 1568 9366 154 13 190 178 48 1031 19 28 1222 1346 552 4585
2 5 Italy 15 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare 60 Giuseppe Della Ricca i 132 33320
Top 10000
1005 2 0 1 0 0 14 0 0 100 93 3 792 5842 76 1 31 37 1 565 0 1 1229 908 92 2901
3 6 Germany 121 Technische Universität München Technische Universität München 80 Ivor Fleck i 423 37218
Top 10000
999 9 0 4 0 0 37 0 0 89 123 12 725 4935 102 2 67 30 15 600 6 2 526 996 197 2392
4 7 Netherlands 41 Utrecht University Utrecht University 102 Hans Clevers 57 15035
Top 10000
699 4 0 0 1 2 14 0 0 35 33 19 591 2900 71 4 51 37 16 246 5 0 186 274 149 1861
5 9 Switzerland 27 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule ETH Zürich Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule ETH Zürich 10 Michael Graetzel 70 9959
Top 10000
456 8 0 0 3 0 42 0 0 29 52 9 313 1753 36 1 19 25 4 296 0 1 187 366 76 742
6 10 Spain 73 Spanish National Research Council Spanish National Research Council 20 Francisco Matorras i 195 30954
Top 10000
443 3 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 10 61 3 352 3249 79 2 17 15 20 331 4 1 252 563 86 1879
7 11 France 81 French National Centre for Scientific Research French National Centre for Scientific Research 16 Fairouz Malek i 358 30799
Top 10000
442 0 0 1 1 0 11 0 0 17 39 2 371 3457 53 1 21 25 1 374 1 0 249 531 35 2166
8 13 Sweden 64 Karolinska Institute Karolinska Institute 167 Bengt Lund Jensen i 46 12817
Top 10000
314 0 0 1 1 0 9 0 0 37 22 3 241 1764 48 1 15 19 4 225 2 0 268 284 47 851
9 14 Belgium 60 Catholic University of Leuven Catholic University of Leuven 136 Giacomo Bruno i 50 5608
Top 5000
222 3 0 0 1 0 7 0 0 10 27 4 170 1080 28 0 19 10 6 144 0 0 125 196 52 500
10 16 Denmark 79 University of Copenhagen University of Copenhagen 32 Matthias Mann 32 6464
Top 5000
207 1 0 2 0 0 14 0 0 13 9 0 168 1122 29 1 28 9 1 148 0 0 144 171 8 583

New. 2023 Country Top Lists: Top 10000, Top 5000, Top 3000, Top 2000 Top 1000. Only in AD Scientific Index

11 22 Austria 235 Medizinische Universität Wien Medizinische Universität Wien 343 Wolfgang Waltenberger i 74 4723
Top 5000
120 0 0 1 0 0 6 0 0 13 12 0 88 711 8 0 10 13 3 70 1 0 93 153 24 336
12 23 Greece 92 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens National and Kapodistrian University of Athens 85 Yorgos Tsipolitis i 58 7706
Top 10000
106 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 15 19 0 67 843 8 0 5 5 2 143 0 0 214 114 4 348
13 24 Finland 99 University of Helsinki University of Helsinki 13 Jaakko Tuomilehto i 43 5423
Top 5000
106 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 9 10 1 84 661 21 1 13 6 9 80 1 1 67 97 26 339
14 25 Norway 127 University of Oslo University of Oslo 393 Are Strandlie i 49 5962
Top 5000
101 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 7 10 2 80 785 17 0 13 11 4 90 1 0 93 95 36 425
15 26 Ireland 218 Trinity College Dublin Trinity College Dublin 123 Martin Grunewald i 40 4217
Top 5000
89 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 10 8 1 65 536 5 0 10 8 2 75 0 0 83 87 16 250
16 30 Türkiye 700 Koç University Koç University 125 Hatice Duran Yıldız 256 27982
Top 10000
60 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 4 35 0 18 536 9 2 5 7 13 93 0 1 119 133 14 140
17 31 Russia 328 Novosibirsk State University Novosibirsk State University 127 Fedor Prokoshin i 432 26000
Top 10000
55 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 2 24 1 25 384 8 0 1 25 6 27 0 4 10 111 18 174
18 35 Hungary 439 Eötvös Loránd University Budapest Eötvös Loránd University Budapest 160 Gábor I Veres i 46 3395
Top 3000
32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 11 1 19 255 5 0 0 3 1 10 0 0 40 67 8 121
19 36 Poland 636 Warsaw University of Technology Warsaw University of Technology 514 Ponikowski P 134 10527
Top 10000
31 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 5 7 0 17 271 1 0 2 2 0 30 0 0 26 73 2 135
20 39 Portugal 433 Universidade de Lisboa Universidade de Lisboa 303 Maria José Costa i 91 4200
Top 5000
24 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 3 0 17 209 2 0 5 1 2 32 0 0 13 23 10 121
21 40 Czech Republic 679 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 296 Roman Lysák i 40 3440
Top 5000
21 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 18 169 9 0 0 0 0 13 0 0 11 41 2 93
22 42 Romania 526 Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering 173 Mihai Caprini i 68 2873
Top 3000
15 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 9 0 4 66 1 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 6 18 1 33
23 47 Estonia 431 University of Tartu University of Tartu 479 Mario Kadastik i 8 547
Top 500
12 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 8 71 5 0 1 0 0 6 0 0 11 15 3 30
24 49 Iceland 607 University of Iceland University of Iceland 2707 Guðlaugur Jóhannesson i 9 606
Top 500
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 8 58 2 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 3 11 4 27
25 50 Cyprus 609 University of Cyprus University of Cyprus 255 Jehad Mousa i 18 806
Top 1000
9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 5 66 1 0 3 2 1 13 0 0 10 12 2 22
26 51 Croatia 855 Ruđer Bošković Institute Ruđer Bošković Institute 447 Vuko Brigljevic i 29 1162
Top 1000
9 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 6 0 2 29 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 9 0 13
27 54 Slovenia 924 Jozef Stefan Institute Jozef Stefan Institute 518 Marko Mikuz i 16 1124
Top 1000
6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 72 2 0 0 0 0 16 0 0 9 18 2 25
28 55 Luxembourg 793 Université du Luxembourg Université du Luxembourg 7587 Björn Ottersten 8 585
Top 500
6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 55 0 0 0 2 1 11 0 0 0 11 1 29
29 57 Bulgaria 832 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 811 Venelin Kozhuharov i 44 1409
Top 1000
5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 36 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 10 1 21
30 62 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 956 Near East University Near East University 319 İsa Dumanoğlu i 10 471
Top 500
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 23 0 0 1 1 0 5 0 0 3 5 1 7
31 64 Ukraine 1738 Institute of Nuclear Research National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Nuclear Research National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 2086 V. Pugatch i 150 5364
Top 5000
3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 39 0 0 1 3 0 3 0 0 3 12 0 17
32 67 Palestine 1571 An Najah National University An Najah National University 1191 Ahmed Bassalat i 23 1152
Top 1000
3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 17 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 6 3 0 6
33 69 Georgia 1294 Ilia State University Ilia State University 8765 Ozgur Kisi 40 553
Top 500
3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 3 0 2
34 70 Slovakia 1434 Comenius University in Bratislava Comenius University in Bratislava 1926 Branislav Sitar i 21 1379
Top 1000
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 41 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 12 1 21
35 71 Lithuania 1250 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Vilnius Gediminas Technical University 3248 Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas 16 628
Top 500
2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 27 2 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 2 3 0 14
36 77 Belarus 1195 Belarusian State University Belarusian State University 366 Juan Suarez Gonzalez i 38 1632
Top 1000
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 10 0 1
37 78 Serbia 1388 University of Belgrade University of Belgrade 10344 Petar Seferovic i 30 2064
Top 2000
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 30 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 3 6 2 13
38 87 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1975 University of Banja Luka University of Banja Luka 4021 Olja Dordic i 24 897
Top 1000
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1
39 89 Montenegro 1842 University of Montenegro University of Montenegro 18805 Natasa Raicevic 4 34 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1
40 96 Malta 2286 University of Malta University of Malta 33033 Georgios N. Yannakakis 8 380
Top 300
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 4
41 105 Latvia 2782 University of Latvia University of Latvia 59898 Andris Ambainis 18 425
Top 300
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
42 106 Moldova 3296 Technical University of Moldova Technical University of Moldova 33158 Oleg Lupan 16 362
Top 300
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1
43 109 North Macedonia 4374 University Goce Delcev Stip University Goce Delcev Stip 65564 Rubin Gulaboski 11 531
Top 500
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
44 110 Kosovo 3790 University of Prishtina University of Prishtina 58259 Dragan Popović 13 750
Top 500
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
45 128 Liechtenstein 3853 Universität Liechtenstein Universität Liechtenstein 24403 Jan Vom Brocke 2 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
46 133 Gibraltar 4306 University of Gibraltar University of Gibraltar 87279 Daniella Tilbury 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
47 145 Faroe Islands 5804 University of the Faroe Islands University of the Faroe Islands 163452 Hans Georg Beyer 2 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 146 Albania 8198 Agricultural University of Tirana Agricultural University of Tirana 303794 Evjola Spaho 23 336
Top 300
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 169 San Marino 6464 Universita degli Studi della Repubblica di San Marino Universita degli Studi della Repubblica di San Marino 134522 Michele Bacciocchi 1 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
49 176 Monaco 6587 International University of Monaco International University of Monaco 222793 Philipp 'Phil' Klaus 1 97 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51 199 Andorra 13843 Universitat d'Andorra Universitat d'Andorra 887802 Virginia Larraz 1 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 210 Isle of Man 14674 University College Isle of Man University College Isle of Man 761600 Vahab Iranmanesh 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0